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Legal Citation

Tips and tricks for starting out with the Bluebook, ALWD, or other legal citation guide.

Formatting Case Citations

Under Rule 10 of the Bluebook,  authors should cover these following elements:

Case Name, [Volume Number] Abbreviated Reporter Name [First Page] (Jurisdiction and Date).

ExampleUnited States v. Prince Line, Ltd., 189 F.2d 386 (2d Cir. 1951) or United States v. Prince Line, Ltd., 189 F.2d 386 (2d Cir. 1951).

Authors may need to include a pinpoint citation or "pincite"—which is a citation to the page(s) on which the referenced proposition appears—after the page on which the case report begins, separated by a comma.

Example: "...except when it is necessary to preserve the life or health of the mother." Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, 164 (1973).

Jurisdiction Tables and Abbreviations

Citation Type

Information Included


Federal Courts

Citation conventions for cases from general federal litigation courts, including U.S. Supreme Court, Courts of Appeal and District Courts are listed, as well as the rest of federal courts (such as specialized federal courts, including the U.S. Bankruptcy Court and the U.S. Tax Court).

T. 1.1 (pp. 227-230)

State Courts and Laws

Citation conventions for cases from all levels of courts for all U.S. states and territories.

T. 1.3 (pp. 242-294) U.S.
T. 1.4 (pp. 295-298)
Other U.S. Jurisdictions

State Cases

Regional Reporter

State Coverage


Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont

North Eastern

Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio

North Western

Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin


Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming

South Eastern

Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia

South Western

Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Texas, Tennessee


Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi