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Trafficking in Persons: Victims, Offenders and, the Justice System

This is a guide to resources used to inform and educate those working in the justice system with trafficking victims, offenders and, law enforcement.

Healing and Recovery

Healing and Recovery, Articles:

V. Jordan Greenbaum, Child Sex Trafficking in the United States:  Challenges for the Healthcare Provider, 14(11) PLOS Medicine (2017).

Julie Orme and Fariyal Ross-Sheriff, Sex Trafficking:  Policies, Programs, and Services, 60 Social Work 287 (2015).

David R. Hodge, Assisting Victims of Human Trafficking:  Strategies to Facilitate Identification, Exit from Trafficking, and the Restoration of Wellness,  59 Social Work 111 (2014).

Erin Williamson, Nicole M. Dutch, Heather J. Clawson Caliber, Medical Treatment of Victims of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence and its Applicability to Victims of Human Trafficking, 2010.

Heather J. Clawson, Ph.D., Amy , Ph.D., and Lisa Goldblatt Grace, LICSW, Treating the Hidden Wounds:  Trauma Treatment and Mental Health Recovery for Victims of Human Trafficking, 2008.

Heather J. Clawson, Ph.D., Nicole Dutch, B.A, Addressing the Needs of Victims of Human Trafficking:  Challenges, Barriers, and Promising Practices, 2008.




Cleveland Area Emergency Contacts (Hotlines):


Cleveland Rape Crisis Center:  Cleveland Rape Crisis Center's Crisis & Support Hotline provides 24/7, free and confidential support and information for survivors of sexual violence and their loved ones, as well as others seeking information or resources.  Crisis & Support Hotline:  Call /Text:(216)619-6192) (tel:2166196192) or (440)423-2020 (tel:4404232020)


Cuyahoga Regional Human Trafficking Task Force, (216) 443-6085


National Human Trafficking Hotline, 1-888-3737-888


Sex Trafficking Advocacy & Recovery (Project Star) , (855) 431-7827


Homeless and Missing Youth Program Hotline, Bellefaire JCB, (216) 570-8010