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International Intellectual Property Law (LAWS 5319)

Course Info

This class will explore the international dimension of intellectual property, with a particular focus on cultural property and cultural heritage (both material, such as the Elgin Marbles, and immaterial, such as traditional knowledge) and its implications for a wider spectrum of subjects, including IP and cultural diversity, IP and development and the relationship between IP and access to essential medicines in the developing world.


Prof. Laurent Manderieux

Prof. Laurent Manderieux is a member of the Directorate Board, Bocconi University LL.M. in Law of Internet Technology and an Associate Professor of Intellectual Property Law, Member of the Academic Council at Senghor University of Francophonie. He is also Chair of the European Intellectual Property Teachers' Network (EIPTN) and Coordinator of the Transatlantic intellectual Property Academy (TIPSA).


Prof. Gabriele Gagliani

Prof. Gabriele Gagliani teaches at Bocconi University in Italy. He is also an adjunct law professor at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio (U.S.A.).


The syllabus for your course is available on Canvas.

Course Materials

Session 1

Compulsory Readings/Materials:

M. Frigo, Culutral Property v. Cutural Heritage: A "Battle of Concepts" in International Law? 86 IRRC n. 854 (2004).

C. Greenwood, Sources of International Law (2008).

E. Lanza, Brancusi's Bird in Space: Is It a Bird or Is It Art?, The Legal Palette (2018).

  • the relevant judgment is Brancusi v. United States, 54 Treas. Dec. 428 (Cust. Ct. 1928)

Optional Readings/Materials:

A. Stamatoudi, The Law and Ethics Deriving from the Parthenon Marbles Case (1997).

UNESCO, Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972).

UNESCO, Convention on the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage (2001).

UNESCO, Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003).

UNESCO, Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, (2005).

D. Dimitrakos, Greece's Ratification Procedure of the Final Settlement Agreement Between Greece and FYROM, 22 ASIL insights 18 (2018).

D. Selwood, Greece Knows There Is No Legal Right to the Elgin Marbles - That's Why It Wont Sue the UK, The Telegraph (2015).

J. Sloniewski, Conversations on Hard Topics. 9th Annual Conference of the Lawyers' Committee for Cultural Heritage Preservation, Washington, DC, 13 April 2018, Santander Art and Culture Law Review 2/2018(4).

UNESCO, Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and Its Two Protocols, (1954).​

UNESCO, First Protocol to the 1954 Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and Its Two Protocols (1954).

UNESCO, Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1970).

UNESCO, Second Protocol to the 1954 Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and Its Two Protocols, (1999).

UNIDROIT, Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (1995).

Session 2

Compulsory Readings/Materials

  WIPO Intellectual Property Handbook, WIPO Publication No.489 (2004) [only pages 1 through 7 in Chapter 1]

M. Burri, Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property, in F. Francioni, A. Vrdoljak, Oxford Handbook of International Cultural Heritage Law, (OUP, Oxford:  2019),

Optional Readings/Materials

P. A. De Miguel Asensio, Transnational Contract Concerning the Exploitation of Intangible Cultural Heritage, in T. Scovazzi, B. Ubertazzi, L. Zagato (eds.), Il Patrimonio Culturale Intangibile Nelle Sue Diverse Dimensioni, (Giuffrè Editore, Milano: 2012),

WIPO Intellectual Property and Traditional Cultural Expressions/Folklore, Booklet N.1.

WIPO, Intellectual Property and Folk, Arts and Cultural Festivals, (2018).

WIPO, Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property - Background Brief.

WIPO, Paris Convention for the Convention of Industrial Property, (1883; as amended in 1979).

WIPO, Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, (1886; as amended in 1979).

WTO, Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (1994).

M. Ouma, Traditional Knowledge: the Challenges Facing International Lawmakers, WIPO Magazine (2017).

C. Saez, WIPO Committee on the Protection of Folklore: Shall We Dance?, Intellectual Property Watch (2017). 

Intellectual property Issues in Cultural Heritage (IPinCH) project, Simon Fraser University (video series).

WIPO Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions/Folklore, (2013).

WIPO, Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations, (1961).

WIPO, Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and Their International Registration, (1958; as amended in 1979).

Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications, (2015).

Session 3

Compulsory Readings/Materials

T. Broude, From Chianti to Kimchi: Geographical Indications, Intangible Cultural Heritage, and Their Unsettled Relationship with Cultural Diversity, in I. Calboli, N.-L. Wee Loon (eds.), Geographical Indications at the Crossroads of Trade, Development and Culture: Perspectives from Asia Pacific, (CUP, Cambridge: 2016).

WIPO, Protect and Promote Your Culture: A Practical Guide to Intellectual Property for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities, (2017).

Optional Readings/Materials

A Trademark Year in Wine and Beer 2015: Our Holiday Buyer's Guide to Dispute Beverages, Foley Hoag LLP Trademark & Copyright Law (2015).

S. Balasubramanian, India: Traditional Knowledge and Patent Issues: An Overview of Turmeric, Basmati, Neem Cases, Mondaq (2017).

V. Biriulin, Russian Federation: Cultural Heritage Trade Mark Application Rejected, Gorodissky (2017).

H. Bostwick, Who Owns Cultural Idioms: Can You Trademark a Derivative Slogan?, LegalZoom (2009).

Charles, Taj Mahal Palace Hotel First Building to Receive Trademark in India, SpicyIP (2017).

K. de Freitas-Tamura amd Hakuna Matata, TM? Can Disney Actually Trademark That?, The New York Times (2018).

IP Kitten, Traditional Knowledge: Beware of Patent Protection, (2017).

D. J. Kevles, How to Trademark a Fruit, Smithsonian Magazine (2011).

David Lizerbram and Associates, What's the Controversy Over the Aloha Poke Trademark?, (2018).

J. Rose, Biopiracy: When indigenous Knowledge is Patented for Profit, The Conversation (2016).

WIPO, Intellectual Property and Traditional Medical Knowledge, Background Brief N.6.

WIPO, Inventing the Future: An Introduction to Patents for Small and Medium Sized-Enterprises (2018).

WIPO, Making a Mark: An Introduction to Trademarks for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (2017).

WIPO, Geographical Indications: An Introduction.

WIPO, The Coffee War: Ethiopia and the Starbucks Story.

Session 4

Compulsory Readings/Materials:

M. A. Bagley, Illegal Designs? Enhancing Cultural and Genetic Resource Protection Through Design Law, CIGI Papers N.155 (2017).

J. Ginsburg, Overview of Copyright Law, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No.14-518 (2016).​

Optional Readings/Materials:

BBC News, Mexican Government Accuses Carolina Herrera of Cultural Appropriation (2019).

V. Chossat, C. Barrère, Intellectual Property Rights and Cultural Heritage: the Case of Non-Cumulative and Non-Degenerative Creation, 1 Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues 2 97-117 (2004). 

M. Dulong de Rosnay, P.-C. Langlais, Public Artworks and the Freedom of Panorama Controversy: A Case of Wikimedia Influence, 6 Internet Policy Review Journal on Internet Regulation 1 (2017).

HCI and Culture: Second International Conference on Usability and Internationalization, UI-HCII 2007, held as Part of HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part I.

P. Keller, What Will the New Copyright Rules Change for Europe's Cultural Heritage Institutions, EuropeanaPro (2019).

L. Lessig, Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity, (The Pinguin Book, New York: 2004).

R. Lin, M.-X. Sun, Y.-P. Chang,  Y.-C. Chan, Y.-C. Hsieh, Y.-C. Huang, Designing "Culture" Into Modern Product - A Case Study of Cultural Products Design, in HCI and Culture: Second International Conference on Usability and Internationalization, UI-HCII 2007, held as Part of HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27,  2007, Proceedings, Part I.

P. Nirwan, Trade Secrets: the Hidden IP Right, WIPO Magazine (2017).

F. Shaheed, Report of the Special Rapporteur in the Field of Cultural Rights - Copyright Policy and the Right to Science and Culture, United Nations General Assembly - Human Rights Council Twenty-Eight Session,  A/HRC/28/57 (214).

F. Truyen, C. Waelde, Copyright, Cultural Heritage and Photography: A Gordian Knot?, in K. Jan Borowiecki, N. Forbes, A. Fresa (eds.), Cultural heritage in a Changing World, (Springer: 2016).

J. Wilt, The All Blacks' Haka: It's Complicated, Vice (2015).

WIPO, Looking Good: An Introduction to Industrial Designs for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, (2019).

UPOV (on WIPO website), Getting the Most Out of Your New Plant Variety.


Research Guide

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