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Fake News & Deepfakes

Combatting misinformation and disinformation with information literacy.


Other Secondary Sources

Law Review

Audrey C. Normandin, Redefining “Misinformation,” “Disinformation,” and “Fake News”: Using Social Science Research to Form an Interdisciplinary Model of Online Limited Forums on Social Media Platforms, 44 Campbell L. Rev. 289 (2022).

Katrina Geddes, Ocularcentrism and Deepfakes: Should Seeing Be Believing?, 31 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L. J. 1042 (2021).

Matthew B. Kugler & Carly Pace, Deepfake Privacy: Attitudes and Regulation, 116 Nw. U. L. Rev. 611 (2021).

Nina I. Brown, Deepfakes and the Weaponization of Information, 23 Va. J. L. & Tech 1 (2020).

Anne Pechenik Gieseke, "The New Weapon of Choice": Law's Current Inability to Properly Address Deepfake Pornography, 73 Vand. L. Rev. 1479 (2020).

Fernando Nunez, Disinformation, Legislation, and Freedom of  Expression, 10 U. C. Irvine L. Rev. 783 (2020).

Bobby Chesney and Danielle Citron, Deep Fakes: A Looming Challenge for Privacy, Democracy, and National Security, 107 Calif. L. Rev. 1753 (2019).

Jill I. Goldenziel and Manal Cheema, Protecting First Amendment Rights in the Fight Against Disinformation: Lessons Learned from FISA, 79 Md. L. Rev. 114 (2019).

Jessica Ice, Defamatory Political Deepfakes and the First Amendment, 70 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 417 (2019).

Marc Jonathan Blitz, Lies, Line Drawing, and Deep Fake News, 71 Okla. L. Rev. 59 (2018).

Andrea Butler, Protecting the Democratic Role of the Press: A Legal Solution to Fake News, 96 Wash. U. L. Rev. 419 (2018).

Erwin Chemerinsky, False Speech and the First Amendment, 71 Okla. L. Rev. 1 (2018).

Carol A. Watson, Information Literacy in a Fake/False News World: An Overview of the Characteristics of Fake News and Its Historical Development, 46 Int'l J. Legal Info. 93 (2018).

Lili Levi, Real Fake News and Fake Fake News, 16 First Amend. L. Rev. 232 (2017).

Dan M. Kahan, Donald Braman & John Gastil, Culture and Identity-Protective Cognition: Explaining the White-Male Effect in Risk Perception, 4 J. Empirical Legal Stud. 465 (2007).

Helen Norton, (At Least) Thirteen Ways of Looking at Election Lies,  71 Okla. L. Rev. 117- 139 (2018).


Social Science Articles 

Deen Freelon et al., Black Trolls Matter: Racial and Ideological Asymmetries in Social Media Disinformation, 40 Soc. Sci. Comput. Rev. 560 (2022).

Viorela Dan et al., Visual Mis- and Disinformation, Social Media, and Democracy, 98 Journalism & Mass Commc'n Q. 641 (2021).

Neil Brown, "Five'Essential Understandings' of the Fact-Checking Movement"  in Politifact, June18,2014. Politifact.

Rubina Madan Fillion, Fighting the Reality of Deepfakes,

Library Catalog Subject Headings

Fake News -- United States

Disinformation -- United States

Social Media -- United States

Media Literacy -- United States


Index to Legal Periodicals and Books Subject Headings

Civil society;

Common Fallacies;

Fake news;

First Amendment protections (United States Constitutuib;

Freedom of Speech -- United States;

Media Literacy;

National Security;

Congressional Research Service Reports

Kelly M. Sayler & Laurie A. Harris, Deep Fakes and National Security: In Focus, October 14, 2019.

Catherine A. Theohary, Information Warfare:  Issues for Congress, March 5, 2018. 


U.S. Government Accountability Reports

Timothy M. Persons, Science & Tech Spotlight: DEEP FAKES. (Feb. 2020.).

Literacy Resources