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Freedom of Information Act Research Guide

Other Secondary Resources

Selected American Law Reports  (A.L.R.) Annotations Related to FOIA Requests

American Law Reports annotations are useful for identifying the extensive varieties of cases on specific legal issues. Listed below are annotations related to FOIA exemptions and other legal issues.

(The ALR databases are made current by the weekly addition of relevant new cases)

Alois Valerian Gross, Annotation, Who Has Standing to Seek Access to Agency Information Under Freedom of Information Act, 82 A.L.R. 248 (1987). 

Lawrence Kaplan, Annotation, What Constitutes "Trade Secrets and Commercial or Financial Information Obtained from Person or Privileged or Confidential," Exempt from Disclosure Under Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 552 (b)(4) (FOIA), 139 A.L.R. Fed. 225 (1997).

Richard E. Kaye, Annotation, Construction and Application of Freedom of Information Act Provision (5 U.S.C.A. § 552 (a)(4)(E) Concerning Award of Attorney's Fees and Other Litigation Costs, 179 A.L.R. Fed. 1 (2002). 

Kurtis A. Kemper, Annotation, Construction and Application of Public Domain Doctrine Allowing Courts to Disregard FOIA Law Enforcement Exemption Based on Prior Release of Requested Records, 3 A.L.R. Fed. 3d Art. 5 (2015).

James Lockhart, Annotation, What Constitutes "Confidential Source" Within Freedom of Information Act Exemption Permitting Nondisclosure of Confidential Source and, in Some Instances, of Information Furnished by Confidential Source (5 U.S.C.A. § 552(b)(7)(D), 171 A.L.R. Fed, 193 (2001).

James O. Pearson, Jr., Annotation, What Constitutes "Unwarranted Invasion of Personal Privacy" for Purposes of Law Enforcement Investigatory Records Exemption of Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 552 (b)(7)(C)), 52 A.L.R. Fed. 181 (1981).

Marjorie A. Shields, Annotation, Construction and Application of Public Interest Fee Waiver Provision of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C.A. § 552(a)(4)(A)(iii),  47 A.L.R. Fed. 2d 263 (2010).

Marjorie A. Shields, Annotation, What Are "Records" of Agency Which Must Be Made Available Under Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 552 (a)(3), 153 A.L.R. Fed. 571 (1999).

Shauna Cully Wagner, Annotation, Use of Affidavits to Substantiate Federal Agency's Claim of Exemption from Request for Documents Under Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 552), 187 A.L.R. Fed.1 (2003).

JoAnn F. Wasil, Annotation, Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies as Prerequisite to Judicial Action to Compel Disclosure Under Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) (5 U.S.C.A. § 552), 112 A.L.R. Fed. 561 (1993). 

Phiip White Jr., Annotation, Requests for Expedited Processing Under the Freedom of Information Act, 4 A.L.R. Fed. 2d 337 (2005).

Ann K. Wooster, Annotation, Actions Brought Under Freedom of Information Act5 U.S.C.A. §§ 552 et seq. --Supreme Court Cases, 167  A.L.R. Fed. 545 (2001).

Ann K. Wooster, Annotation, What Are Interagency or Intra-agency Memorandums or Letters Exempt from Disclosure under Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 552(b)(5)), 168 A.L.R. 143 (2001).

Jay M. Zitter, Annotation, Construction and Application of CIA Information Act's Operational Files Exemption from Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Requirements, 50 U.S.C.A. § 431, 7 A.L.R. Fed. 2d 395 (2005).

Other Litigation Related Resources 

Monique C.M. Leahy, Proof Supporting Disclosure Under State Freedom of Information Acts, 132 Am. Jur. Proof of Facts 3d 1 (2013).

Elizabeth O'Connor Tomlinson, Litigation Under Freedom of Information Act, 110 Am. Jur. Trials 367 (2008).